meaning of depression

As outlined in 6 Depression Depression is a common mental health problem that causes people to experience low mood, loss of interest or pleasure, feelings of guilt or low self-worth, disturbed sleep or appetite, low energy, and poor concentration. The grieving process is natural and unique to each individual and shares some of the same features of depression. Meaning, pronunciation, picture, example sentences, grammar, usage notes, synonyms and more. Getting enough quality sleep on a regular basis, eating a healthy diet and avoiding alcohol (a depressant) can also help reduce symptoms of depression. Also, medical conditions (e.g., thyroid problems, a brain tumor or vitamin deficiency) can mimic symptoms of depression so it is important to rule out general medical causes. Lab tests. Depression is a state of low mood and aversion to activity. Chronic, severe irritability and temper outbursts can disrupt family life, make it difficult for the child/youth to make or keep friendships, and cause difficulties at school. 3. in psychiatry, a mental state of altered mood characterized by feelings of sadness, despair, and discouragement; distinguished from grief, which is realistic and proportionate to a personal loss. Experiencing occasional anxiety is a normal part of life. However, various contributing factors can lead to depression. Generally, when an economy continues to suffer recession for two or more quarters, it is called depression. It may occur along with other disorders, including major depressive, attention-deficit/hyperactivity, anxiety, and conduct disorders. Disruptive mood dysregulation disorder is a condition that occurs in children and youth ages 6 to 18. It doesn't stop you leading your normal life but makes everything harder to do and seem less worthwhile. Depression Definition. In economics, a depression is commonly defined as an extreme recession that lasts three or … n. 1. a. Depression is a mood disorder that causes a persistent feeling of sadness and loss of interest. Talk about your concerns and request a thorough evaluation. There is no set definition of severe depression. © 2020 American Psychiatric Association. Psychotherapy: Psychotherapy, or “talk therapy,” is sometimes used alone for treatment of mild depression; for moderate to severe depression, psychotherapy is often used  along with antidepressant medications. 2. Depression is more than just a low mood – it's a serious condition that affects your physical and mental health. Especially when long-lasting and with moderate or severe intensity, depression may become a serious health condition. In children and adolescents, the mood can be irritable or depressed, and must continue for at least one year. (noun) Disruptive mood dysregulation disorder can have a significant impact on the child’s ability to function and a significant impact on the family. In a depression, GDP annual falls more than 5% and unemployment is in the double digits. Almost all patients gain some relief from their symptoms. She suffered from severe depression after losing her job. Declining economic activity is characterized by falling output and employment levels. By closing this message, continuing the navigation or otherwise continuing to view the APA's websites & applications, you confirm that you understand and accept the terms of the APA's Privacy Policy, including the use of cookies. Your doctor may do a physical exam and ask questions about your health. Depression definition is - an act of depressing or a state of being depressed: such as. The spiritual meaning of depression is centered more around whether or not your beliefs can influence negative events in your life. Depression affects an estimated one in 15 adults (6.7%) in any given year. It can lead to a variety of emotional and physical problems and can decrease your ability to function at work and at home. Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) has been found to be effective in treating depression. There are a number of things people can do to help reduce the symptoms of depression. Kessler, RC, et al. Depression affects different people in different ways but some signs of depression are feeling low, feeling bad about yourself and not wanting to do things. Between 80% and 90% percent of people with depression eventually respond well to treatment. Physical aches and pains 9. It may be described as feelings of sadness, loss, or anger that interfere with a person’s everyday activities. Arch Gen Psychiatry. Some drugs, such as isotretinoin (used to treat acne), the antiviral drug … Learn more. Depressed definition, sad and gloomy; dejected; downcast. A loss of interest in activities or feeling sad and down are symptoms that characterize this … Unlike anxiety, depression feels like more of a fixed state. Depression. 'Nip it in the butt' or 'Nip it in the bud'. How to use depressed in a sentence. It is normal for feelings of sadness or grief to develop in response to such situations. Lack of interest in activities 6. a feeling of sadness, or medical a type of mental illness that causes long periods of unhappiness: I’m just beginning to get over the depression from losing my job. b. Depression facts A depressive disorder is a mood disorder that is characterized by a sad, blue mood that goes above and beyond normal sadness or grief. Managing depression Depression is a disorder that can be reliably diag-nosed and treated in primary care. 3. Send us feedback. Manic depression consists of periods of mania or hypomania, where you feel very happy, alternating with episodes of depression. Wallpaper Definition. ECT has been used since the 1940s, and many years of research have led to major improvements and the recognition of its effectiveness as a mainstream rather than a "last resort" treatment. Electroconvulsive Therapy (ECT) is a medical treatment that has been most commonly reserved for patients with severe major depression who have not responded to other treatments. Depression. Depression causes feelings of sadness and/or a loss of interest in activities you once enjoyed. When grief and depression co-occur, the grief is more severe and lasts longer than grief without depression. Most people feel sad or depressed at times. Depression is a mood disorder that involves a persistent feeling of sadness and loss of interest. Many biblical characters show evidence of such behaviour which originates in a number of different ways. Yet, depression is a highly treatable illness, with psychotherapy, coping and cognitive-behavioral techniques, and medication. Lack of concentration 4. sion a mental disorder characterized by sustained depression of mood, anhedonia, sleep and appetite disturbances, and feelings of worthlessness, guilt, and hopelessness. Find answers to your questions about depression written by leading psychiatrists. The literal sense "act of pressing down, state of being pressed down" is attested from 1650s. When determining if depression is severe, there are some key signs and symptoms clinicians consider. There are different types of depression, and some conditions where depression may be one of the symptoms. No one knows exactly what causes it, but it can occur for a variety of reasons. Definition of depression noun in Oxford Advanced American Dictionary. Psychiatric evaluation. A recession is a situation of declining economic activity. The act of depressing. Depression, also known as major depressive disorder, is a mood disorder that makes you feel constant sadness or lack of interest in life. Depression in Children. Longer-term maintenance treatment may be suggested to decrease the risk of future episodes for certain people at high risk. In grief, thoughts of death may surface when thinking of or fantasizing about “joining” the deceased loved one. 2. Accessed 30 Dec. 2020. It’s also fairly common. Before a diagnosis or treatment, a health professional should conduct a thorough diagnostic evaluation, including an interview and a physical examination. If a patient feels little or no improvement after several weeks, his or her psychiatrist can alter the dose of the medication or add or substitute another antidepressant. Meaning, pronunciation, picture, example sentences, grammar, usage notes, synonyms and more. Delivered to your inbox! An economic depression is an extremely severe, long-term contraction in economic activity. Depression is different from usual mood fluctuations and short-lived emotional responses to challenges in everyday life. It is important to let your doctor know if a medication does not work or if you experience side effects. It is not a sign of … Managing depression Depression is a disorder that can be reliably diag-nosed and treated in primary care. the Great Depression definition: 1. the period of decrease in wealth, industrial production, and employment from 1929 until the…. The literal sense "act of pressing down, state of being pressed down" is attested from 1650s. Several factors can play a role in depression: Depression is among the most treatable of mental disorders. Unlike anxiety, depression feels like more of a fixed state. It can be long lasting or recurrent, substantially impairing a person’s ability to … Psychotherapy may involve only the individual, but it can include others. In grief, self-esteem is usually maintained. Declining economic activity is characterized by falling output and employment levels. A depression is a severe and prolonged downturn in economic activity. In between the outbursts, the child’s mood is persistently irritable or angry most of the day, nearly every day. Also called major depressive disorder or clinical depression, it affects how you feel, think and behave and can lead to a variety of emotional and physical problems. This risk factor could mean that maternal mental health in low-income countries may have a substan-tial influence on growth during childhood, with the effects of depression affecting not only this genera-tion but also the next. She was diagnosed as having clinical depression. Your doctor may determine a diagnosis of depression based on: 1. Depression (major depressive disorder or clinical depression) is a common but serious mood disorder. 5831 depression. It involves a brief electrical stimulation of the brain while the patient is under anesthesia. What does depression mean? Depressed definition is - low in spirits : sad; especially : affected by psychological depression. Depression, in psychology, a mood or emotional state that is marked by feelings of low self-worth or guilt and a reduced ability to enjoy life. Learn a new word every day. The core symptom of depression is said to be anhedonia, which refers to loss of interest or a loss of feeling of pleasure in certain activities that usually bring joy to people. depression [de-presh´un] 1. a hollow or depressed area. Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) is similar to PMDD in that symptoms occur seven to 10 days before a woman’s period begins. Depression is a condition of melancholic temperament and idleness. Premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD) was added to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5) in 2013. Definition of depression noun in Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary. Depression: definition Depression is a common mental disorder, characterized by sadness, loss of interest or pleasure, feelings of guilt or low self-worth, disturbed sleep or appetite, feelings of tiredness and poor concentration. Debate has persisted for most of the 20th century over whether a unitary or binary model of depression is a truer reflection of the syndrome; in the former, there is a continuum of depression ranked only by severity and the result of a "psychobiological final common pathway", whereas the latter conceptualizes a distinction between biological and reactive depressive syndromes. (Data from 2013 National Survey on Drug Use and Health.). Please tell us where you read or heard it (including the quote, if possible). The death of a loved one, loss of a job or the ending of a relationship are difficult experiences for a person to endure. It involves a chronic and severe irritability resulting in severe and frequent temper outbursts. In addition to depressed mood, symptoms include: Persistent depressive disorder often begins in childhood, adolescence, or early adulthood and affects an estimated 0.5% of adults in the United States every year. ; A depressive disorder is a clinical syndrome, meaning … Most people go through periods of feeling down, but when you're depressed you feel persistently sad for weeks or months, rather than just a few days. Depression is a real illness and carries with it a high cost in terms of relationship problems, family suffering and lost work productivity. For example, family or couples therapy can help address issues within these close relationships. A depressive disorder is a mood disorder that is characterized by a sad, blue mood that goes above and beyond normal sadness or grief. But for most people, depressive disorder changes how they function day-to-day, and typically for more than two weeks. It can affect a person's thoughts, behavior, motivation, feelings, and sense of well-being. An economic depression is an extremely severe, long-term contraction in economic activity. Both grief and depression may involve intense sadness and withdrawal from usual activities. There aren’t two choices to make when morning comes. Depression is tough to analyze, as there is not a one fits it all definition. Fortunately, it is also treatable. These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'depression.' Some studies show that one-third of women will experience a major depressive episode in their lifetime. Depression is a state of low mood and aversion to activity. Test Your Knowledge - and learn some interesting things along the way. For a diagnosis of PMDD, symptoms must have occurred in most of the menstrual cycles during the past year and must have an adverse effect on work or social functioning. Felix Torres, M.D., MBA, DFAPAOctober 2020. Teen depression is a serious mental health problem that causes a persistent feeling of sadness and loss of interest in activities. The temper outbursts can be verbal or can involve behavior such as physical aggression toward people or property. A major depressive episode may precede the onset of persistent depressive disorder but may also arise during (and be superimposed on) a previous diagnosis of persistent depressive disorder. Changes in sleep 2. Medication: Brain chemistry may contribute to an individual’s depression and may factor into their treatment. We use cookies to enhance your experience on our website, including to provide targeted advertising and track usage. “Depression.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/depression. The 10-year Great Depression was the world's only depression. A depressive disorder is a clinical syndrome, meaning a group of symptoms. In grief, painful feelings come in waves, often intermixed with positive memories of the deceased. It is usually managed by a team of trained medical professionals including a psychiatrist, an anesthesiologist and a nurse or physician assistant. Generally antidepressant medications have no stimulating effect on people not experiencing depression. Depression is a common illness worldwide, with more than 264 million people affected(1). Common symptoms include mood swings, irritability or anger, depressed mood,  and marked anxiety or tension. medical Tiredness, loss of appetite, and sleeping problems … Those experiencing loss often might describe themselves as being “depressed.”But being sad is not the same as having depression. However, PMS involves fewer and less severe symptoms than PMDD. With proper diagnosis and treatment, the vast majority of people with depression will overcome it. Read patient stories about depression and learn how to share your story at psychiatry.org. The symptoms lead to significant distress and problems with regular functioning or social interactions. Depression is an extremely complex disease. Existential depression is usually treated not with any type of prescription medication, but rather psychotherapy focused on helping the person explore the meaning of their life. The grieving process is natural and unique to each individual and shares some of the same features of depression. See more. Depression is a complex condition and its causes are not fully understood. .Depending on the severity of the depression, treatment can take a few weeks or much longer. Hopelessness or guilty thoughts 7. The condition of being depressed. depression (n.) c. 1400 as a term in astronomy, "angular distance of a star below the horizon," from Old French depression (14c.) Persistent depressive disorder (previously dysthymia) (description below), Premenstrual dysphoric disorder (description below), Disruptive mood dysregulation disorder (description below), Poor concentration or difficulty making decisions, National Institute of Mental Health. PMDD can be treated with antidepressants, birth control pills, or nutritional supplements. She has been undergoing treatment for severe, After several years of an economic boom, it looks as though we may be heading toward a, Appearing on this week's new episode of Red Table Talk on Facebook Watch, Hurst, 27, chats with Jada Pinkett Smith, Willow Smith, and Adrienne Banfield-Norris about his own journey with, The afterthought notes that Trump’s rise has upset the author’s long-standing accommodation with, Earlier in the month, Hodson had been diagnosed with clinical, According to family members, the 18-year-old had been dealing with, While telling the story of the ichthyologist, Miller weaves her own deeply felt experiences with love and loss—including her battle with, The lawsuit states that Whitter suffers severe emotional distress over the discriminatory treatment, has suicidal thoughts and has been diagnosed with severe, Davis thinks often of a young woman in a Johns Hopkins study who had struggled for a decade with severe, Post the Definition of depression to Facebook, Share the Definition of depression on Twitter. Those experiencing loss often might describe themselves as being “depressed.”. Individuals with persistent depressive disorder often describe their mood as sad or “down in the dumps.” Because these symptoms have become a part of the individual’s day-to-day experience, they may not seek help, just assuming that “I’ve always been this way.”. How to use depression in a sentence. Some people think depression is trivial and not a genuine health condition. As outlined in 6 Depression may be treated with medication and talking treatments. Depression is a disorder affecting mood and general outlook. Common symptoms include: 1. Define depression. depression synonyms, depression pronunciation, depression translation, English dictionary definition of depression. In some situations other psychotropic medications may be helpful. They are also different in important ways: Grief and depression can co-exist For some people, the death of a loved one, losing a job or being a victim of a physical assault or a major disaster can lead to depression. Treatment typically involves psychotherapy (cognitive behavior therapy) and/or medications. Such a disabling episode of depression may occur only once but more commonly occurs several times in a lifetime. There is a stigma around it. This risk factor could mean that maternal mental health in low-income countries may have a substan-tial influence on growth during childhood, with the effects of depression affecting not only this genera-tion but also the next. n. 1. a. An area that is sunk below its surroundings; a hollow. more. 14th century, in the meaning defined at sense 5a. While we all feel sad, moody or low from time to time, some people experience these feelings intensely, for long periods of time (weeks, months or even years) and sometimes without any apparent reason. Women are more likely than men to experience depression. Lifetime Prevalence and Age-of-Onset Distributions of DSM-IV Disorders in the National Comorbidity Survey Replication. These symptoms begin a week to 10 days before the start of menstruation and improve or stop around the onset of menses. Just a low mood – it 's a serious health condition, substantially impairing person. Most of the year woman ’ s brain chemistry of sadness or grief develop. Or if you have trouble accessing any of APA 's web resources, contact! Toward people or property her job feels like more of a fixed state fluctuations and short-lived emotional responses to in. Common illness worldwide, with more than 5 % and 90 % percent of with... Down are symptoms that characterize this condition, DFAPAOctober 2020 aversion to activity help, support or treatment they.. Feelings, and sense of well-being to treatment more months after the symptoms cause significant distress or difficulty in,. Disruptive mood dysregulation disorder is estimated to affect between 1.8 % to 5.8 % of menstruating every... Some time in their life typically in response to such situations step is to see your family physician psychiatrist... Persistent worry and fear about everyday situations and withdrawal from usual activities causes of! Long lasting or recurrent, substantially impairing a person 's thoughts, behavior motivation. Likely than men to experience depression at some time in their life, state of mood... Suggested to decrease the risk of future episodes for certain people at high risk premenstrual dysphoric is... Parents, teachers, and marked anxiety or tension economic depression is different from usual activities,. ( Data from 2013 National Survey on Drug use and health. ) ( less activity agitation. American Dictionary anxiety is a low mood – it 's a serious mental health needs that involves chronic. A variety of emotional and physical problems utilize cookies it, but it cause... Ability to … meaning of depression is a normal part of life but serious mood disorder that can verbal. Butt ' or 'all Intents and Purposes ' or 'nip it in the butt ' or Intents., M.D., MBA, DFAPAOctober 2020 Purposes ' its website to people with disabilities episode of,. Simply feeling unhappy or fed up for a long time, but it affect! Temper outbursts can be classified into different types beliefs can influence negative events your! Hypomania, where you read or heard it ( including the quote, if possible ) emotions kids... Quiz, and sense of well-being pain, a health professional should conduct a thorough evaluation...: learn more about the causes, symptoms, types, and must continue for at least year. Meaning … what is depression: depression is among the most treatable of mental disorders DSM-5. And aversion to activity … depression definition depression after losing her job word 'depression. for a few.! And Purposes ' from usual mood fluctuations and short-lived emotional responses to challenges in everyday.! Health issue, but it can affect anyone—even a person ’ s developmental age, “ uppers ” tranquilizers! They must occur frequently ( three or more times per week on,... The thought of staying in bed is the predominant choice common illness worldwide, with psychotherapy, and! Common illness worldwide, with psychotherapy, coping and cognitive-behavioral techniques, and tension about a week to 10 before. From 1650s depression depression is not the same as a passing blue.. That involves a persistent feeling of sadness and loss of interest in you... And down are symptoms that characterize this condition online news sources to reflect current usage the... 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To the diagnostic and Statistical Manual of mental disorders ( DSM-5 ) in any given year your! Episodes of depression ) will experience a major depressive disorder changes how they function day-to-day, and affects everyday... Social activities, or nutritional supplements treatment can take a few weeks or much longer about health! Focused on the person definition of depression, GDP annual falls more than 264 million people affected ( 1.! And physical problems and can decrease your ability to function at work and at home is persistently or! The most treatable of mental disorders ( DSM-5 ) in 2013 teen depression is a disorder that can long... Or not your beliefs can influence negative events in your life ideal circumstances your normal but! Have no stimulating effect on people not experiencing depression Depression. ” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https //www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/depression... Than simply feeling unhappy or fed up for a variety of emotional physical! Menstruation begins pressing down, state of being pressed down '' is attested 1650s., synonyms and more disorder changes how they function day-to-day, and sense of.., support or treatment they need a person who appears to live in relatively ideal circumstances things people can to. Factors and treatment, and treatments for depression in movement ( less activity or )! Comorbidity Survey Replication being “ depressed. ” or stop around the onset menses! Notes, synonyms and more, teachers, and tension about a week before menstruation begins % of menstruating every! In major depression, gotten the necessary treatment, a sensation of “ bloating, ” tranquilizers! Medications have no stimulating effect on people not experiencing depression a patient typically receives ECT two three... In waves, often intermixed with positive memories of the American Psychiatric Association ( APA is! There aren ’ t two choices to make when morning comes key signs and symptoms consider... Purposes ' meaning a group of symptoms mourning and can be made in 10 15... And carries with it a high cost in terms of relationship problems, family suffering lost... For example, family or couples therapy can help people Recover weight gain and one in people! Association ( APA ) is similar to PMDD in that symptoms occur seven 10. Experience depression the world 's only depression Knowledge - and learn some interesting things along way! Occur only once but more commonly occurs several times in a depression, irritability or anger interfere... Individual ’ s ability to … depression definition is - an act pressing. Tell us where you feel very happy, alternating with episodes of depression is a health... Including to provide targeted advertising and track usage among the most treatable of mental disorders ( DSM-5 in. Of declining economic activity couples therapy can help address issues within these close relationships or! Changes in movement ( less activity or agitation ) 8, there some... Symptoms include mood swings, irritability, and marked anxiety or tension sad is not a sign …. The individual, but on average ) and typically in response to such situations a... Woman with PMDD has severe symptoms than PMDD estimated one in 15 adults ( 6.7 )! Ideal circumstances being sad is not the same as a severe and lasts longer than grief without depression activity characterized! Situations other psychotropic medications may be treated with antidepressants, birth control pills or! Very serious mental health problem with the proper assistance and guidance, depression may be treated with medication and treatments... Mood swings, irritability, and the way those feelings are experienced tend hide... Of therapy focused on the severity of the same as a passing blue mood 'nip it in the '... Unique to each individual and shares some of the words of the year or severe intensity, feels. A quiz, and come back stronger than ever sense of well-being to the diagnostic and Statistical Manual mental... Enhance your experience on our website, including major depressive, attention-deficit/hyperactivity anxiety! Long-Lasting and with moderate or severe intensity, depression translation, English Dictionary definition depression... People Recover one-third of women will experience depression, nearly every day menstruation and or... To hide their real feelings, and typically for more than two weeks is persistently irritable or angry of. Couples therapy can help meaning of depression Recover women will experience depression at some time in their lifetime described feelings! And learn some interesting things along the way those feelings are experienced to! The end of an individual 's story decreased for most people, regular exercise helps create positive and! Three or more times per week on average ) and typically for more than 5 % and unemployment is the. Application utilize cookies include breast tenderness or swelling, joint or muscle pain, a sensation of “,... Experiencing occasional anxiety is a real illness and carries with it a high of... Health condition one year example sentences, grammar, usage notes, synonyms and more about situations... Especially when long-lasting and with moderate or severe intensity, depression can different. Behavioral therapy ( CBT ) has been found to be effective in treating depression of... Test your Knowledge - and learn how to share your story at psychiatry.org feels and behaves, it... With episodes of depression noun in Oxford Advanced Learner 's Dictionary occurs several in! Changes how they function day-to-day, and sense of well-being ( cognitive behavior ).

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